How To Cook Rice on the Stove

What You Need


1 cup medium- or long-grain rice — white or brown
2 cups water
1/2 teaspoon salt
1 tablespoon butter or oil (optional)


Small (2-quart or so) saucepan with a lid
Stirring spoon

  1. Rinse your rice: It’s good practice to rinse your rice in a strainer before cooking. This isn’t strictly necessary, but it will rinse off any dusty starch on the surface of the rice along with any leftover chaff or stray particles. (Some rices have more starchy coating than others.)
  2. Measure the rice and water: For most rice, use a 1:2 ratio of one cup of rice to two cups of water. Measure a half cup of uncooked rice per person and scale this ratio up or down depending on how much you’re making. Some rice varieties will need a little less or a little more water as it cooks, so check the package for specific instructions.
  3. Bring the water to a boil: Bring the water to boil in a small saucepan. Rice expands as it cooks, so use a saucepan large enough to accommodate. A 2-quart saucepan for one to two cups of uncooked rice is a good size.
  4. Add the rice: When the water has come to a boil, stir in the rice, salt, and butter (if using), and bring it back to a gentle simmer.
  5. Cover and cook: Cover the pot and turn the heat down to low. Don’t take off the lid while the rice is cooking — this lets the steam out and affects the cooking time.
  6. Rice is done when tender: Start checking the rice around 18 minutes for white rice and 30 minutes for brown rice. When done, the rice will be firm but tender, and no longer crunchy. It is fine if it’s slightly sticky but shouldn’t be gummy. If there is still water left in the pan when the rice is done, tilt the pan to drain it off.
  7. Turn off the heat and let stand a few minutes, covered. This steams the rice just a little more.
  8. Remove the lid and fluff: Fluff the rice with a spoon or a fork, and let it sit for a few moments to “dry out” and lose that wet, just-steamed texture.
  9. Serve the rice: Leftover rice keeps well in the fridge for several days, so you can make extra ahead to serve later.